Baidoukou 白豆蔻 Round Cardamon Fruit

Last updated: 22 Jul 2022  |  3628 Views  | 

Baidoukou 白豆蔻 Round Cardamon Fruit

Amomi Rotundus Fructus (白豆蔻)  is the dried ripe fruit of Amomum kravanh Pierre ex Gagnep. or A. compactum Soland ex Maton, family Zingiberaceae.

Other name   
Baidoukou (Chinese name), Round Cardamon Fruit

Macroscopic character

Yuandoukou (Protogenic Round Cardamon Fruit; A. kravanh): Subspheroidal, external yellowish-white to pale yellowish-brown, apex possessing a prominent stylopodium, base with a scar of fruit stalk, both ends bearing pale brown pubescences. Texture of pericarp light and brittle, easily broken longitudinally, 3 loculi, each containing about 10 seeds. Odor, aromatic; taste, pungent and cool, slightly camphor-like.

Yinnibaikou (Indonesian Round Cardamon Fruit; A. compactum): Relatively small, externally yellowish-white, sometimes slightly purplish-brown, testa relatively thin, seeds thin and blighted. Odor, relatively weak.

Important cultivation area

Yuandoukou : Thailand, Cambodia, Vietnam; Yunnan, Guangdong and Guangxi provinces.

Yinnibaikou : Indonesia; Hainan and Yunnan provinces.

Processing method

Eliminate foreign matters and fruit stalk, sift out fragments.

Traditional Chinese Medicine action

Pungent; warm. Enter lung, spleen and stomach channels. Resolve dampness and move qi, warm zhongjiao to stop vomiting, increase appetite and promote digestion.

Thai Traditional Medicine action

Krawan (A.  kravanh): Pungent, aromatic. Carminative, Dhatu-tonic, anti-nausea, anti-vomitting, expectorant, invigorate blood and wind element.

Usage and dosage   
3-6 g, decoction for oral use. Crush before use. Add when the decoction is nearly done.

* Contraindication and precaution *

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