Corni Fructus (山茱萸) is the dried ripe sarcocarp of Cornus officinalis Sieb. et Zucc., family Cornaceae.
Shanzhuyu (Chinese name), Asiatis Cornelian Cherry Fruit
Irregularly flaky or bladdery. External purplish-red to purplish-black, shrunken, lustrous. Sometimes with a rounded scar of persistent calyx at the apex and a scar of fruit stalk at the base. Texture soft. Odor, slight; taste, sour, astringent and slightly bitter.
Important cultivation area
Henan, Zhejiang, Shanxi and Anhui provinces.
1. Shanyurou : Eliminate foreign matters and seeds.
2. Jiuyurou : Stew or steam Shanyurou with yellow wine (use 20 kg of yellow wine for 100 kg of Shanyurou) until the wine is moisten thoroughly and color turned black.
3. Zhengshanyurou : Steam Shanyurou on a strong fire until vapor, then steam on a gentle fire until color turned purplish-black, take pot out of fire, stay overnight, and dry.
Traditional Chinese Medicine action
Sour and astringent; slightly warm. Enter liver and kidney channels.
1. Shanyurou : Tonify and nourish kidney and liver, astringe to secure jing.