JU HUA (菊花)

JU HUA (菊花)

Chrysanthemi Flos (菊花) is the dried capitulum of Chrysanthemum morifolium Ramat., family Asteraceae (Compositae).

Other name 
Dok-Ben-Chamat (Thai name), Juhua (Chinese name), Chrysanthemum Flower

Macroscopic character

Boju: Obconical or cylindrical, sometimes slightly compressed to fan-shape. Involucre dish shaped, yellowish-green or brownish-green, the outer surface covered with white hairs. Receptacle hemispherical. Ligulate florets several rows, female, marginal, whitish, strongly straight and upward, longitudinally folded. Golden glandular spots scattered; yellow tubular perfect florets with 5 terminal teeth, abundant, occurring in the center, concealed by the ligulate florets. Texture light and soft, lax and brittle when dried. Odor, slightly aromatic; taste, sweet, slightly bitter.

Chuju: Irregularly spherical or oblate, ligulate florets whitish, irregularly twisted, curved inward, margin wrinkled, sometimes pale brown glandular spots visible; tubular florets mostly concealed.

Gongju: Oblate or irregularly spherical, ligulate florets white or whitish, obliquely upward, the upper part folded outward, margin slightly curved inward and wrinkled, glandular spots usually absent; tubular florets few, exposed.

Hangju: Dish-shaped or oblate, often several connected forming plates, ligulate florets whitish or yellow, spread flatly or folded slightly, glandular spots usually absent; tubular florets abundant, exposed.

Important cultivation area
Zhejiang, Anhui, Henan and Shaanxi provinces

Traditional Chinese Medicine action
Sweet, bitter; slightly cold. Enter lung and liver channels. Disperse wind and clear heat, pacify liver to improve vision, and remove toxin.

Usage and dosage 5-10 g, decoction for oral use.

* Contraindication and precaution *

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