Last updated: 22 Jul 2022  |  6371 Views  | 


Ginseng Radix et Rhizoma (人参)  is the dried root and rhizome of Panax ginseng  C. A. Mey., family Araliaceae.

Other name Ginseng, Ginseng Root, Som-Khon (Thai name), Renshen (Chinese name)

Macroscopic character
Main root fusiform or cylindrical, externally greyish-yellow, the upper part or entire root exhibiting sparse, shallow, interrupted and coarse transverse-striations and distinct root and numerous slender rootlets. Rhizome or Lutou, mostly constricted and curved, bearing adventitious roots and showing sparse depressed stem scars. Texture relatively hard, fracture yellowish-white, starchy, exhibiting yellowish-brown dotted resin ducts and radial clefts. Odor, characteristic; taste, slightly bitter and sweet.

Important cultivation area
Jilin, Liaoning and Heilongjiang provinces.

Processing method
1. Shengshaishen: Soften thoroughly, cut into thin slices, and dry.

2.  Hongshen: Wash clean, steam, cut into thick slices, and dry.

Traditional Chinese Medicine action
Sweet, slightly bitter; slightly warm. Enter spleen, lung, heart and kidney channels.

1. Renshen : Powerful tonify yuanqi, regain pulse and secure collapse, tonify spleen and replenish lung, nourish jin and blood, calm mind and nourish brain.

2. Shengshaishen : Tonify 
qi, nourish jin, regain pulse and secure collapse, tonify spleen and lung.


3. Hongshen : Warm and powerful tonify yuanqi, regain pulse and secure collapse, tonify qi to control the blood.

Usage and dosage   3-9 g, decocted separately and add into decoction; or ground into powder, 2 g twice a day, for oral use.  

* Contraindication and precaution * 
Incompatible with Lilu 
 (藜芦) and Wulingzhi (五灵脂).

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